The Grassroots Democratic Party, or GDP, was founded on 2 August 2015 by former non-government organization (NGO) leaders, intellectuals and community leaders from more than 10 communes of Cambodia.The key founding members of GDP are Dr. Kem Ley (assassinated on 10 July 2016), Dr. Yang Saing Koma, Mr. Yeng Virak and Dr. Sam Inn.
The original ideas behind the founding of the GDP were as follows:
- The extreme rivalry between the two main political parties, Cambodia Peoples Party (CPP) and Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), creating a negative impact on the political atmosphere and the democratization process in Cambodia. The existing political leaders tended to focus more on attacking and blaming each other rather than on developing appropriate policies to resolve social and economic national issues.
- The lack of a culture and environment that would enable Cambodian citizens, particularly young people, women and other responsible citizens, to participate actively in the political process without fear and discrimination. Thereis no political party with an intra party mechanism that allowsfree and active participation of members. Generally, all political parties tended to adopt a top down approach.
Brief profile of the party
The official logo of the party is triangular representing “bottom-up democracy.” The logo has four colors: green, blue, red and white. The official color of the party is green, representing grassroots democracy and sustainable development.
The core values of GDP are:
The vision of the party is “All Cambodian citizens living in dignity and the country has full national sovereignty.”
The mission of the party is “To nurture good leaders and building democratic foundation for the whole nation.”
The party has adopted thefollowinginternal principles:
- Open and voluntary
- Member democracy
- Facilitating and capacity building roles of leaders
- Financial autonomy
- Enabling active participation of women and youth
The national structure of the GDP:
- General Assembly (GA), consisting of up to 300 delegates
- Board of Governance, with Chairman elected by the General Assembly (GA)
- Executive Committee (EC), with the President elected by the GA. The President of the EC is also the official president of the GDP
- Conflict Resolution and Discipline Committee, with the Chairperson elected by the GA
The current national leaders of the GDP are:
- Yeng Virak – party co-founder and party president
- Yang SaingKoma – party co-founder and chairman of the governance board
- ProkVanny – party co-founder and chairwoman of the conflict resolution and discipline committee
- Sam Inn – party co-founder and general Secretary (elected by the Board of Governance)
Local election 2017
The GDP participated in the local elections held on 3 June 2017 by competing in 27 communes, winning five seats in 3 communes. The average results in 27 communes indicated that GDP ranked third after the two main rivals (CPP and CNRP), but in Pate commune GDP ranked second, receiving the same number of seats as CPP (CPP – 2,GDP – 2, CNRP – 1).
Following the dissolution of CNRP, the GDP did not accept any re-allocation of CNRP seats.
National Election 2018
The GDP will participate in the national election held on 29 July 2018 and will compete in all 25 constituencies. The party will present itself as the new alternative and the new hope for all Cambodians.
The GDP’s political platform consisting of 125 key policies which are presented in the “Green Book.”The 125 policies are classified in national reconciliation and unity policies, national building policies, national protection and security policies and international cooperation policies. As part of the national reconciliation and unity, the GDP will create solidarity government by inviting all political parties with National Assembly (NA) seats to form super nation building councils by inviting all former top national political leaders to be members.
For the election campaign among the general population, the GDP has summarized the key nation building policiesin a one page format which is known as Sor 5 policies, the Khmer acronym for five sectors, including: economy and jobs, health, education and youth, social welfare and public services and democratic governance.Among the 125 polices, 15 policies have been selected for the general campaign:
Economy and jobs
- 5,000 agriculture development facilitators will work with farmers throughout Cambodia to address issues including: of lacking water, capital, market and appropriate technologies
- Registered Small Medium Enterprises (SME’s)will qualify for five years of tax exemption. Provision of subsidized loans of 6 percent per year will be available toagroand food processing entrepreneurs and exporters in developing markets for Cambodian products.
- Young people wanting to start their own business will receive seed capital of $1,250 USD as well as a long-term subsidized loan
- A universal health care plan will be developed at 500 riel per citizen per month (18 to 65 years old)
- Develop health centers and hospitals with high professional standards. All health officials will receive a minimum salary of $500 USD per month.
- Ensure an effective implementation of food safety laws and regulations
Education and youth
- Every village will have access to a qualitykindergarten and qualified teachers
- Every student will be eligible to obtain a study loan up to $1,250 USD per year
- Schools and universities will be required to have high professional standards, and all teachers will receive minimum salary of $500 USD per month
Social protection and welfare
- Every woman will get $125 USD for every birth delivery
- Citizens over 65 age 65will get a $37.50USD per month pension
- Every worker will be eligible to receive unemployment benefits up to 50 percent of salary for five months
Public services and democratic governance
- All Members of Parliament are accountable to citizens, not to government
- All government officials are accountable to citizens and Members of Parliament (Good Government Officials)
- Active citizen participation will be encouraged to ensure accountable government and parliament (Good Citizens).
It is important to note that the party will meet again in June 2018 to decide the next step in the process of participation in the election, including the election of the top candidate or Prime Minister (PM) candidate.
The GDP recognizes that one of the factors for free and fair elections is to ensure that there is a sufficient number of election observers at all polling stations, including both independent observers (national and international observers), as well as observers recruited directly by the GDP.